Military

7 Indisputable Truths About “American Sniper”

"American Sniper poster" by Source. Licensed under Fair use via Wikipedia -

“American Sniper poster” by Source. Licensed under Fair use via Wikipedia

Note: This piece is a little late to the conversation about “American Sniper.” I submitted it to a large website two weeks ago in hopes that its reach and readership could broaden the conversation about our military. Instead, the site decided it wasn’t balanced enough so they refused it. I still believe it’s a valid conversation, and I hope you’ll be part of it. 

I can’t generalize about the audiences who are watching “American Sniper.” I don’t know the demographics, or the impressions they are left with once the movie is over. Arguably, no one else can either, although some continue to try.

I do, however, feel minimally qualified to offer an opinion about the movie’s content, because I have spent more than 20 years in the midst of our country’s greatest warriors. I served four years as an Army journalist, and an additional 20 as the wife of a Special Forces soldier. Many of the lessons I’ve learned over the years were present in the movie, and they ring true whether we choose to believe them or not.

One: America’s all-volunteer military willingly serves our nation so that others are not forced to do so. Very often, our service members are tasked with missions that are gut-wrenching, but they are never given the option to choose whether they will comply.

When American troops were assigned to Africa to assist with the spread of the Ebola virus, many families I know struggled with the notion that a family member would be exposed to the potentially deadly virus. But the soldiers went.

And if you find yourself tempted to accuse those families of being self-involved or indifferent to the plight of others, I would ask you to imagine that your family member was being sent. Anyone who is capable of being intellectually honest will understand what I mean.

Two: Many service members who have seen combat have witnessed things that the average person cannot process. In many cases, they are not at liberty to share what they know, which results in impossible second- and third-order effects: they cannot share their experiences with those they love most, and they necessarily become distant from those same people.

Their attempts to compartmentalize their lives cause them to feel like outsiders in their own homes. When they return to find that dinner-table discussions center around American Idol and deflated footballs, they struggle to understand our fascination with the trivial to the exclusion of the horrors occurring around the world.

Every single American should understand that there are atrocities being committed by those on the other side of this war that will likely never be made public. I don’t know if that is because our military isn’t releasing the details or because the details aren’t being sought by those who could report them. Either way, the lack of reporting doesn’t change the reality.

Three: The burden of service to this great nation (and yes, I said great) falls on a very small percentage of our citizens. During World War II, an estimated 16 million Americans served in uniform. Not included in that number are the civilians who worked for the government, and the countless individuals and communities that conserved and rationed items in support of our military efforts.

Today, the Department of Defense reports that 2.5 million members of the military have deployed in support of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. And it absolutely makes a difference that such a small part of our population carries the burden of combat now.

Don’t believe me? A group of students from our on-post high school recently participated in the Kentucky Youth Assembly, a simulation of Kentucky’s democratic process. As part of the effort, they were assigned to draft a bill that would be presented for consideration by the mock assembly.

Our students drafted a bill that proposed free college tuition to children of disabled veterans in the state of Kentucky. Our students were shocked when a group of off-post students disputed the notion that veterans had done anything to earn such preferential treatment; when another student questioned who the term “veteran” referred to, our team was left speechless.

Four: Many Americans are still unabashedly patriotic. We understand that the American people have done great things during the course of our nation’s history. We aren’t so naive as to believe that our nation has never “gotten it wrong.”

Rather, we understand that, just as you might do with a child, you can love America in spite of the less-than-perfect parts of our history. Just as you might do with a child, you can celebrate the good things and try to correct the bad. But just as you might with a child, you should realize that it is punitive and narrow-minded to focus on the bad to the exclusion of the good.

If you’re among the crowd that finds the concept of patriotism offensive, I absolutely respect your right to feel that way. But I maintain that it is ok to be patriotic. It is ok to question our nation’s decisions and actions. And it’s ok to love her because of, and in spite of, those decisions.

Five: It cannot be repeated too often, or too loudly, that our service members protect our right to offer an opinion about anything and everything.

“It is the soldier, not the reporter, who has given us the freedom of the press.

It is the soldier, not the poet, who has given us the freedom of speech.

It is the soldier, not the campus organizer, who has given us the freedom to demonstrate.

It is the soldier who salutes the flag, who serves beneath the flag, and whose coffin is draped by the flag, who allows the protestor to burn the flag.”

Father Denis Edward O‘Brien, United States Marine Corps

Six: The movie has initiated a dialogue that our country needs to have. A dialogue about war, and about those who fight it. About those who are affected by it, and those who live it. And about the fallout of war.

My daughter’s junior English class recently debated the issue of romanticizing combat, and whether Hollywood should be allowed to do it. (She attends high school on a military base with students who have endured multiple combat deployments by the adults in their lives.)

On one side of the issue, a student argued that we’ve killed innocent people during the course of the wars we have fought. On the other side, a student suggested that there is something inexplicably beautiful about the fact that there are those who will lay down their lives for their country.

The debate stirred emotions that have likely been buried for many years; emotions that have built up over the course of numerous combat deployments. But I am thankful for educators who understand the value of dialogue and debate, and who encourage our students to engage in both.

I am grateful for our teachers who have close ties to the military, and who understand the difficulties inherent in our communities. I am especially grateful for those who aren’t afraid of disagreement: it is to be expected among people with varied experiences and different backgrounds.

Seven: “American Sniper” has become the top grossing war film of all time, passing “Saving Private Ryan” and “Pearl Harbor.” Perhaps audiences are spending their hard-earned money to see what all the controversy is about. Perhaps audiences are angry, as Howard Dean said, and this movie is a reflection of that anger.

Or perhaps Americans are hungry for stories that remind us that our nation is inherently good, even if she isn’t always perfect. Perhaps audiences yearn for stories about heroes, and those whose lives are devoted to some greater purpose. If the popularity of life coaches is any indication, people are hungry for a return to meaningful work and meaningful lives.

Perhaps you, too, are tired of this entire conversation. Certainly no one could blame you for feeling that way, least of all military families who have lived this struggle for 14 years. They understand that seeing a young child on the receiving end of a sniper rifle is beyond difficult.

But they also personally know people who died fighting the War on Terror, so when critics who are angry at the origins of the war lash out at Chris Kyle and those he served with, it feels very personal.

My point is not to argue the merits of this movie, but to celebrate the fact that we are finally discussing the gut-wrenching decisions faced by our military during times of combat. Perhaps the movie isn’t perfect. Perhaps it’s heavy-handed at times. Perhaps it included a distracting prop or it over-simplified a complex issue.

It also included several worthwhile messages about those who wear the uniform of our nation. It shed light on the internal and external struggles our nation’s warriors are waging. It gave a brief, perhaps flawed, glimpse into the lives of our military men and women.

The most important thing we can do is continue the conversation: the good and the bad. We should separate our ambivalence for the war from our feelings for our military. Reach out to a friend who served in the military and ask what he thought. Or reach out to someone currently serving and do the same.

Let’s educate ourselves about world events, not through the skewed eyes of a 24-hour news channel, but rather from unbiased, first-hand accounts. Let’s refuse to be led mindlessly down any path by those with a personal agenda.

As a student of history, I have often wondered what issue might unite us again, and cause us to stand together as a nation of people with a common set of beliefs. Perhaps this is the one?

Standard
Military

Brian Williams Shouldn’t Matter

Brian Williams with retired Command Sgt. Major Tim Terpak at a New York Rangers game

Brian Williams with retired Command Sgt. Major Tim Terpak at a New York Rangers game

Brian Williams should not be the story today.

He will, of course, because it seems he was caught telling an untrue story. At issue is Williams’ claim that he was aboard a helicopter that was shot down during the Iraq invasion in 2003. Apparently he and his network, NBC, have perpetuated various versions of the story, ranging from Williams being on a separate helicopter behind the one that was fired upon to him being on board the Chinook that took fire.

The story fell apart last week when Williams spoke at a New York Rangers hockey game to honor a soldier who had provided security that day in Iraq. When a video of the speech was posted to NBC’s Facebook page, a flight engineer that was aboard the helicopter in question posted, saying he didn’t remember Williams being aboard. Lance Reynolds went on to say that he remembered Williams appearing about an hour later, seeking details about what happened.

Williams will be the story today because we love to watch influential people fall. There’s nothing we love more than a good fall from grace. And some of us will be tempted to feel a certain righteous indignation because a member of the media was caught lying.

And this is why “gotcha journalism” sells. Because we’re buying.

Let me begin by saying that I am not defending Williams. Having worked in Army public affairs for four years, I have a decent understanding of the media and its tactics. I still believe in the old-school notion that the media represents the Fourth Estate: that segment of our society that wields enough political and social power to make a positive difference in this nation. I believe the media should be unbiased and honest to a fault.

More importantly, I believe the real story here is that there was a helicopter that was hit by rockets in 2003. There was a crew aboard that helicopter. And the fact that there was no one famous aboard does not somehow diminish the experience.

What if, for example, we spent a few minutes on the internet today researching the details of the actual events. What if we educated ourselves about one piece of the invasion in an attempt to understand what the members of our military endured that day. What if we spent a few minutes pondering the fact that there are service members somewhere in this nation who lived this experience. And they were most likely changed by it.

This is, in my mind, what “American Sniper” seeks to communicate to Americans: that the members of our all-volunteer military have paid a very high price for their service to this nation. They have done it without expectation of fanfare. And they have done it in the face of great political debate.

They have been injured. They have been killed. They have watched their buddies be injured and killed. They bear the lingering injuries of their service to us, and many face uncertain futures because they are changed by the war.

I have lost count of the number of my friends who have debilitating back injuries from the months of wearing body armor and heavy gear. I know many service members who have returned home physically, but who have never returned home mentally, because they left something behind in that war. I saw a young man on base yesterday, probably no more than 30 years old, escorting his kids into the elementary school with the use of a cane.

Most will never publicly complain about their physical or mental injuries, because they know many more who never made it home.

While we leisurely debate the ethical dilemma that Brian Williams finds himself in, there are American soldiers who will find themselves in harm’s way today. They are probably angry that Williams lied, but they have greater problems to solve.

They will watch videos of captive pilots being burned alive by our enemy, all while they prepare to do whatever their nation asks of them.

Resolve to do something positive with this story. Share it as many places as you can, not because I’m seeking statistics for my byline, but because the important story is the soldiers who really were there that day. And the others who lived similar stories other days in other places.

Maybe you know one of these soldiers. Maybe you are one of them. Let’s share these stories in a meager attempt to publicly acknowledge all that our military has endured. Let’s make it our business to educate ourselves, and to stop relying on the media to do it for us.

Let’s begin small and prove to our service members that, although we weren’t there and we can never know first-hand what they know, we’re trying to understand. We’re trying to comprehend the gut-wrenching things that happened. Let’s resolve not to forget about them or the price they’ve paid.

Look up the names of the men that Williams mentioned in his apology: Joseph, Lance, Jonathan, Pate, Michael. Do something good today in honor of these men and others like them. They are the reason that Brian Williams and others are free to report the news today. They are the reason we can take a moment to share things on social media.

Brian Williams is not the story today.

What are you willing to do to combat “gotcha journalism” and start a productive conversation?

 

 

Standard
Uncategorized

Reinforcing Racism?

Note: This is a letter that my daughter wrote as part of a high school English assignment. She and the other students in her class are sending letters to major media outlets in hopes of initiating a national conversation about race. This particular letter went to Greta Van Susteren, Anderson Cooper and Oprah Winfrey.

Americans are known for their unfaltering spirit. The “American Dream” was born in the 1800s as the nation was swept by Manifest Destiny’s call for expansion. This idea has carried on through history to form the concept of the “American Spirit,” built on the principles of freedom, opportunity, and progress. Americans are free to share their opinions, a right highlighted by our Founding Fathers in the Declaration of Independence in hopes that American citizens would always speak up for what they believe in.

We as a country have embraced that right wholeheartedly, voicing our thoughts with the exception of one subject: race. Tensions have been rising as a result of violence between races, primarily black and white. The issue is carefully avoided by politicians and leaders in our country for fear of offending citizens with opposing views. Race relations remain the proverbial “elephant in the room,” and even those who were elected to protect the best interests of the country haven’t made any attempts to fix it.

I am currently a student at a military high school. The students at the school come from a vast array of different ethnic backgrounds and have seen many parts of the world as a result of living at numerous duty stations. The school is an accepting environment for all students, and race differences have never been an issue.

In fact, the school is so well integrated that its test scores do not reflect the “black-white gap” (African-Americans scoring consistently lower on standardized tests than white students) observed across the country. Although the school is an anomaly, it proves that preconceived ideas about race can be overcome.

In 1992, The Oprah Winfrey Show conducted an experiment on a studio audience. Upon arrival to the set, audience members were separated into groups of brown-eyed people and blue-eyed people. The blue-eyed viewers were required to wear a green collar and were not seated in the studio, while brown-eyed guests were treated to breakfast and were seated early. Finally, the bewildered and angry blue-eyed group was permitted to enter the studio.

Diversity expert Jane Elliot (who has blue eyes) took the stage, and the group sharing her eye color immediately pointed out that she was not wearing a collar. Elliot explained that she did not need a collar, because she “acted brown-eyed.” Within minutes, Elliot had convinced brown-eyed audience members that they were superior to the blue-eyed guests. It was then revealed to the audience that the entire ordeal was meant to exemplify racism and how it is something humans invented in their minds along the way, not a belief hardwired into the brain.

Racial tension in America is a fixable problem. This school has proven that people of all nationalities and backgrounds can coexist and excel, when given the opportunity. Students of all races and nationalities are involved in Student Council, National Honor Society, class offices, and athletic teams in our school.

Researcher Jane Elliot demonstrated that discrimination can be taught, so it would stand to reason that perhaps we in America are reinforcing racism without realizing it. Although it is a conversation that has been avoided for years, it cannot be pushed to the side anymore. Recent events in Missouri and New York are proof that ignoring the problem is making it worse.

Instead, let’s use our freedom of speech responsibly and start a nationwide dialogue about race. Let’s be willing to listen to one another. Let’s not argue for “colorblindness,” but instead for equality. Let’s embrace cultural differences that make each race so unique. Let’s disarm race-baiters, who use racial differences to stoke the fires of anger. Our nation fought a war to stop practices that elevated one race above another. Let’s honor the sacrifice.

Standard
Uncategorized

Wring in the New Year

Because I don’t live in either my past or my future. I’m interested only in the present. If you can concentrate always on the present, you’ll be a happy man. ~ from The Alchemist

It seems a little predictable to spend New Year’s Day mulling the past and thinking about the future. I already spend way too much time doing both: I fret over the past and worry about the future. All to the detriment of the present.  Continue reading

Standard